advantages and disadvantages of German coating from Germany, features of class 32 and 33 options and 8 mm thickness, customer reviews, oak and mosaic models in the interior. (2023)

Kronotex is one of the world's recognized brands in the market for floor materials. These floor coverings owe their popularity to the high properties achieved by using high-quality, environmentally friendly raw materials and the high workability of the production process.

About the company

Kronotex is part of the Swiss Krono Group. It was founded in Germany in Heiligengrabe in 1993 as a family business. In the beginning, the factory was engaged in the production of MDF. Today, the German company specializes in chipboard and laminate flooring. The company's production volume currently amounts to more than one hundred million square meters of asphalt per year, which is marketed in more than seventy countries around the world.

The basic principle that governs the company is the production of products that are harmless to human health.With this approach, the company could take a leading position on the market to a greater extent. All steps in the production process, from receiving wood material to finished laminate coverings, are located in one place and constantly monitored by automated work management systems.

The guarantees given by the company refer not only to the quality of the finished product, but also to the safety and environmental acceptance of the production itself. As part of Kronotex floor coverings, only natural raw materials are used, and the company itself spends a lot of money on environmental protection. That is why Kronotex products are so appreciated all over the world.

See the Kronotex laminate, see the following video.

Technical data

Kronotex laminate has been known to the Russian consumer for a long time. The products from the German factory have international certificates for compliance with safety quality standards, as they are made from harmless and natural raw materials.

Kronotex is produced in two classes of commercial reliability (32 and 33), that is, such a floor can be used even in rooms where people are constantly moving. And if such a covering is installed in the living room, it will be possible for decades to come not to think about repairing the floor.

Kronotex laminate has a four-layer structure:

  • The lower stabilization layer, which ensures the resistance of the structure to wear and protection against moisture from below;
  • HDF board is a fibrous material with a density of around 900 kg/m. cc These panels are also produced by Kronotex, so the manufacturer can easily change their properties depending on changes in the production of floor coverings;

  • A decorative layer that ensures the necessary appearance of the coating. This layer is made of specially processed paper with an image of wood or stone. Due to the special composition of colors and the special technology of their application, the decorative layer is not exposed to the sun's rays, that is, it does not fade;
  • Protective layer of Overlay film, thanks to which the laminate is protected against wear, moisture and other mechanical influences. Environmentally acceptable and health-safe polymers and resins are used in the production of the protective film.

Kronotex laminate floors have good properties, in fact:

  • Resistant to mechanical stress. Even after many years of intensive use, the floor surface will remain completely flat and smooth without scratches and will be cleaned with permanent patches;
  • Fireproof. Laminate does not support the combustion process, and even during smoldering, it does not emit harmful substances;
  • Resistance to elevated temperatures (short term). When a lit match or cigarette falls on the floor, no traces will remain on the coating due to the presence of a reliable top layer;

  • Possibility of installation on underfloor heating. But at the same time, the manufacturer recommends that the heating be uniform throughout the Kronotex coating;
  • easy care Laminate floors are easy to keep clean with a wet or dry vacuum cleaner;
  • Descending. Even in rooms to the south, where there is always sunlight, Kronotex does not change its appearance;
  • Antistatic properties. The protective top layer of the coating does not allow dust to remain on the floor surface.

Pros and cons

According to customers and experts, compared to other floor coverings in class 32 and 33, Kronotex has a number of undeniable advantages:

  • Extremenatural compositionproduct. No harmful additives are used in the production of laminates, which can negatively affect human health, but at the same time can significantly improve the performance of the pavement. Kronotex was one of the first companies to launch glue-free laminate flooring. Therefore, the laminate used when replacing the floor can be safely disposed of in the usual way. It will not harm the surrounding nature, so there is no need to deliberately waste it somewhere;

  • range of possibilitiestextures and colors. To date, Kronotex has been presented in seven series with a total number of models of about three hundred, so it is unlikely that the consumer will have problems finding the desired shade. The manufacturer offers a wide range of models for this;

  • Guaranteefor a floor covering of 20-30 years, provided that it is used in a household, which is an indicator of the company's confidence in the reliability and durability of finishing materials;

  • almost 100%conveys the appearance of these natural surfaceswhich imitates laminate flooring. This is achieved by using new technologies for applying a layer of paint and further processing the final coating (for example, brushing);

  • Setting up Kronotex is very simple. You don't need any special skills or knowledge. Each panel is equipped with a special Clic lock, you just need to insert one panel into the other and that's it: the floor is ready. If necessary, the floor can also be easily disassembled; the laminate will not be affected.

The only drawback of Kronotex, like any coating based on DFD, is that it cannot be exposed to moisture, i.e. in the event of a leak in the heating system or other water impact, the laminate will swell and become unusable. Therefore, spilled even a small amount of water must be immediately removed from the floor with a dry cloth.

How to choose?

The choice of laminate is not easy. But if the priority has changed in favor of Kronotex, the consumer only has to choose from the multitude of colors and textures that it presents in its collections. Of course, if you want to buy exactly Kronotex, but the budget is limited, then you can stop choosing the universal Dynamic model. The thickness of the panels in this collection is small - 8 mm, but at the same time the coating has high strength and resistance to various influences. Due to the low price of the laminate from this collection, it is the most popular among customers.

If greater demands are placed on the floor covering, i.e. it is intended to be used in rooms with high traffic, then the natural choice would be to buy a laminate with a thickness of 12 mm, which guarantees its long life. future operation.


Despite the fact that the installation of the lining is quite simple, there are certain nuances that require attention. In order for the laminate not to be deformed and to reach room temperature, it must be kept horizontally for two days in the place where it is to be installed.

Laminate boards are laid along the direction of the light in the room. If the lining is placed on the screed, you must first lay a layer of vapor barrier material. Then a layer of sound insulation. Now everything is ready to lay the floor covering.

Start fitting the plate from the corner of the room. Leave 1-1.5 cm between the wall and the laminate board to create a flowing structure. Laminate boards are shortened with a special cutter, hacksaw or circular saw. The new row must start with the trim left over from the previous row. The panels in the second and subsequent rows are fixed with a lock, place them at an angle to the previous row and push until it clicks.

You may need to trim the width of the panel when installing the last row. This must be done taking into account the distance from the wall. Under no circumstances is a floor laid. The strip must also not be attached to the floor, it is only attached to the wall. Otherwise, deformation of the floor is possible, in which case the manufacturer reserves the right to disregard complaints due to non-compliance with the installation of the laminate floor.

In large rooms larger than 12x8m, it is necessary to install a special expansion profile. To install the laminate cladding in the space under the door frames, the latter are cut with a saw.

Various collections

Kronotex is presented in the following series:

  • "mammoth"- the pavement, which brings the naturalness, comfort and warmth typical of a country house into the interior. All models (and there are 22 of them) imitate the structure of natural oak from light tones (eg Oak Everest Silver) to dark tones (Oak Mountain Black). Some models have a special glossy texture;

  • mammoth moreit retains the characteristics of the previous collection and is complemented by nine more design options, which are printed on larger panels. Thanks to this laminate format, the floor is even more reminiscent of natural wood, which makes the environment of the room even closer to nature;

  • "Robust"- collection due to increased load. The models in this collection are 12 mm thick and are able to withstand even the toughest tests. The color palette is represented by 15 shades of oak;

  • "Amazon"- a series with a unique panel design. Such floors are more suitable for those who like everything unusual and original. Most models are a mixture of different shades of gray and brown oak, but despite this, the laminate does not look unnatural. Each laminate board looks like a solid board, so the floor as a whole looks particularly elegant;

  • "fin"- a collection with a wide selection of decorations that gives the comfort of natural wood underfoot, thanks to the special structure of the top layer of laminate. In the series you can see models imitating different types of wood: pine, oak, walnut, teak and ash;

  • "I'm looking for more"- this series also contains decorations for different types of wood. In addition to the standard longitudinal arrangement of patterns, the collection includes a laminate that imitates a herringbone parquet. With the help of laminate from this series, the floor becomes the most important art object in the room. The panels have a larger width, so you can easily create unique designs in spacious rooms;

  • "Glamour"- The name of the series speaks for itself. The collection has an unusual concept. Laminate decorations here imitate the texture of ordinary wood and natural stone, even with joints under the tiles. Also interesting are glossy plates with a uniform color (black, white, gray) and plates with a mosaic pattern;

  • "Mega plus"- a collection of panels with larger widths and relatively low prices. The decorations in this series are fresh and varied: from imitation stone tiles to wood;

  • "Dynamic"- the most popular and universal coverage. The panels in this collection are an imitation of natural oak, pine, beech, walnut parquet. In addition, they can resemble ordinary boards or parquet laid lengthwise. Color range of coatings - from brown and beige to black tones;

  • Dynamic plus- the collection is presented with fresh design solutions that make every interior unique. Here you can also meet beautiful silver oaks and tall oaks, which you can't help but admire. Floors created with products from this series are universal and comfortable.

opportunities within

An original and unique look in the interior of the living room floor with Kronotex from the «Dynamic» collection. His drawing looks like an overlap of square woodcuts.

The floor has "Robusto" laminate. Tree fantasy creates a unique impression of endless ocean expanses, despite the specificity of the name.

dynamic floors Malmö brings notes of nature into its office environment and encourages creative activity in those who work in this space.

The floor made of "Exquisit" laminate boards in natural pine color combined with wooden furniture and wooden wall decoration fills the room with the spirit of refined traditions of the 19th century.

The kitchen floor in the color silver mountain oak (Mammut series) fits perfectly with the white kitchen series and the dining group in natural wood.


What was responsible for increased flexibility in painting and allowed artists to make changes more easily? ›

Acrylic: Acrylic paint is much newer than the paint types listed above. It only gained popularity in the 20th century. It is considered more versatile than either oil or watercolor paint, giving artists increased flexibility.

How do I find out what my art is worth? ›

Consider finding an appraiser to determine the value of your artwork. Appraisers are trained specialists who work for a fee. They evaluate your piece and give you a written statement of its value. Although the following organizations do not provide appraisals themselves, they each publish a directory of their members.

What is the Old Masters technique of painting? ›

The Old Masters' Technique

In this technique, the artist paints only the lights of the subject. This elegant technique requires a neutrally toned, dark canvas. It also requires the artist to have a solid grip on soft edges and control of the paint.

How can a painting be best created? ›

Create value patterns by grouping darks and lights into bigger shapes. It makes the painting more pleasant for the viewer. To do this, simplify differences in colors and values. For example, if painting a tree, don't paint every single leaf, but a shape of the tree canopy with a unified value.

What are four important painting techniques that were improved during the High Renaissance? ›

The most important techniques that were established during the renaissance were sfumato, chiaroscuro, perspective, foreshortening and proportion. The advent of these techniques marked a significant shift in art history.

What are some techniques available to conservators to analyze and repair damaged artwork? ›

There are several types of inpainting techniques that may be employed, pointillism, trateggio, rigattino, and deceptive techniques that perfectly match the original work. The conservator uses a pointillism technique, color matching to the specific area.

How much should I charge for my acrylic paintings? ›

Charge by the square inch

To work out your price by the square inch, multiply the length by the width of your painting. For example, an 8 by 8 inch piece = 8 x 8 = 64 square inches. If you charge $1 per square inch, this would be $64 + the price of materials if you are adding that as well.

Are art prints worth money? ›

Prints can in fact be very valuable, especially those by renowned artists, rare prints or old prints in good condition. Prints are a bit of a minefield when it comes to the value, which is often based on the production process and the artist's involvement in the creation of the print.

Why do old paintings turn brown? ›

Light exposure was thought to play a role because areas of paintings protected by frames remained green. Also, oxygen appeared to contribute to the darkening process, with the brown color spreading from cracks in the paint that exposed the underlying copper pigments to air.

What is the secret to oil painting? ›

Firstly, when painting with oils, it is important to adhere to the three rules of oil painting. These are 'fat over lean', 'thick over thin' and 'slow-drying over fast-drying'. This means that each layer of paint should be progressively more flexible, thicker and slow drying than the one below it.

What makes an artist an Old Master? ›

In art history, "Old Master" (or "old master") refers to any painter of skill who worked in Europe before about 1800, or a painting by such an artist. An "old master print" is an original print (for example an engraving or etching) made by an artist in the same period.

What makes an artwork unsuccessful? ›

Without a properly composed picture, the viewer's eyes will roam aimlessly unable to makes sense of what the artist is trying to convey. Therefore, if a drawing, painting, or photograph doesn't contain a proper and intelligently constructed design, it will ultimately fail.

What makes some artwork look so good? ›

The elements may be diverse as memories, experiences, the story of the work, of the artist, his life, or the particular lighting in the gallery, weather, mood etc. For another, it is the criticism, colors, form, texture, description, combined with memories or experiences, or events that make them reflect on a piece.

What makes a great artist painter? ›

If artists are passionate about something, they make sure that they are doing their best to give justice to their connection. They Are Disciplined: Patience and discipline are two vital qualities all artists share. These characters are also interdependent. Artists need to be patient with their art.

Which painting technique has the richest color? ›

Oil Painting

The result is a thick, buttery paint with rich color that can be used in layers.

What method did painters use to achieve a realistic style? ›

They also developed a system of mathematical rules, known as linear perspective, to help painters achieve their goal of realism.

How do you paint Renaissance style? ›

The three-colour Renaissance technique is logical and simple: black chalk was used for the dark and cool tones, red sanguine for warm mid-tones, and white for highlights. For studies and sketches, this was sufficient.

What are the brown spots on the back of my canvas painting? ›

What are those brown spots on your watercolour or print? They are commonly referred to as 'foxing' patches on the paper, a reaction with moisture caused by mould spores. They may begin as a small and easily ignored blemish, but in time they will only spread and become worse now that they are present.

What paints do conservators use? ›

Acrylic Resin Paints: Contain pigments in acrylic resin(s). Used frequently by paintings and objects conservators.

How much should I charge for a full set of acrylic nails? ›

There is a misconception that they are low-maintenance and can be done at home, but the truth is that they require regular upkeep and can be expensive to maintain. Nail salons typically charge anywhere from $20 to $50 for a basic set of long acrylic nails.

How much should an artist charge per hour? ›

Creating art is time consuming and many materials can be expensive. Think about a reasonable hourly wage and the cost of materials when pricing your art - that includes framing and shipping, if applicable. The US Dept. of Labor lists the average hourly wage for a fine artist as $24.58—use this to help you estimate.

How much should I charge for an 8x10 painting? ›

So for instance, anything 8″x10″ or under is priced at $1.25 per square inch, anything over would be $1.00 per square inch. This formula may work well for you if your artworks are similar in technique, no matter what the size.

What size art prints sell the most? ›

Popular Art Print Sizes

The top three print sizes, in order of popularity, are 10” x 8”, 10” x 14”, and 12” x 12”.

What art prints are the most valuable? ›

10 Most Valuable Photography Prints
  • “Le Violon d'Ingres” - Man Ray (2022) - $12.4m.
  • “The Flatiron” - Edward Steichen (2022) - $11.8m.
  • “Phantom” - Peter Lik (2014) - $6.5m.
  • “Rhein II” - Andreas Gursky (2011) - $4.4m.
  • “Spiritual America” - Richard Prince (2014) - $3.9m.
  • “Untitled #96” - Cindy Sherman (2011) - $3.9m.

Are limited edition art prints worth money? ›

Limited editions are usually signed by the artist, which can help increase their value, particularly if the artist is famous. Some prints which are not limited editions are valuable, while some limited editions are out of fashion and are not sought after by collectors.

What makes an original painting valuable? ›

An artwork's provenance, the documented history of who it has belonged to, is a huge determining factor in its value. For example, if a painting was once owned by a celebrity, a prominent collector, or perhaps a respected gallery, it will certainly attract higher offers when put on sale.

What is a copy of an original painting called? ›

A reproduction is a copy of another work of art. It could be a copy of a painting, drawing or of an original print. There is no creative process involved. Prints commonly called Limited Edition prints are offset lithographs which is a photographic reproduction process.

How can you ensure your artwork is original? ›

There are many forms of provenance documentation. A signed statement of authenticity from the artist or an expert on the artist is ideal. An original gallery sales receipt, receipt directly from the artist, or an appraisal from an expert in the era are also good options.

Why do old paintings look cracked? ›

Perhaps the most obvious characteristic of ageing observed on most old paintings is the network of cracks – known as craquelure – caused by the different mechanical behaviour of the various layers (such as the support, ground and paint layers).

Why do old paintings look yellow? ›

Summary: Dutch researchers have shown that when old-master paintings are cleaned, larger molecules of aged varnish can be left behind which actually seem to contribute to the yellowing of canvases and panels.

What happens to paint after 10 years? ›

Unopened latex and water-based acrylic paints can last up to 10 years and alkyd and oil-based paints can last up to 15 years. Unopened paint maintains its ratio of liquids and semi-solids which is why it's fine to use after a long period of time.

What are the three rules of oil painting? ›

  • RULE #1 - FAT OVER LEAN. Each layer of paint must be fatter than the one below it. ...
  • RULE #2 - LIGHT ON DARK. It is best to work with oils from dark to light. ...
  • RULE #3 - OPAQUE ON TRANSPARENT. Always take into account drying times.

Why do oil paintings crack? ›

Oil paint dries under the influence of oxygen and light. This is a chemical process. Once the paint is dry this oxidation process does not stop but continues in an ageing process. Eventually this can be visible as cracking.

What is the secret to oil painting without solvents? ›

The simplest approach to solvent-free painting is to create the painting directly in one application, thinning the color only with a small quantity of walnut oil or alkyd. Use only the smallest amount needed and apply the color directly to the surface of the canvas.

Can artists buy back their masters? ›

Artists hoping to reclaim their copyright ownership can do so after an initial period of 35 years, but they may begin filing that paperwork 10 years before the end of that initial period.

Do artists get royalties from master? ›

The copyright of the Sound Recording is generally owned by the artist or record label that they are signed to. Whoever owns the master recordings will earn royalties when the song is played or reproduced (including radio, streaming, downloads).

Is master in art worth it? ›

A Master of Arts degree can lead you to advancements in your field, help you hone your skills, and set you up to become a lifelong learner. It may also help you if you're interested in careers in fields like education, human services, and journalism.

Which painting technique allows for the greatest flexibility? ›

The advantages of oil for painting images include "greater flexibility, richer and denser colour, the use of layers, and a wider range from light to dark". But the process is slower, especially when one layer of paint needs to be allowed to dry before another is applied.

What caused art to change? ›

Artists turned away from the classical tradition, embracing new media and aesthetic ideals, and art historians shifted their focus from the analysis of art's formal beauty to interpretation of its cultural meaning. Today we understand beauty as subjective—a cultural construct that varies across time and space.

What caused art to change in the Renaissance? ›

Interest in humanism, a philosophy that emphasized the individual and the human capacity for fulfillment through reason, transformed the Renaissance artist from an anonymous craftsman to an individual practicing an intellectual pursuit.

What is flexibility in art? ›

Reality is as it changes, and flexibility in art is a visual likelihood of a thing's changing in space, while remaining what it is. As a stem of a flower sways in the wind, we have a sight of flexibility. Yieldingness as sight is much in pictures; the yieldingness that makes for strength is what we look for in art.

What is the best medium to paint with? ›

Acrylic is often the best all-round choice as it's beginner-friendly and can be easily adapted once each layer is dry. Watercolors are the cheapest to start with and mistakes can usually be fixed by adding a little water to the paper to lift the paint off.

What technique did artists use to make objects look closer or farther away in their paintings? ›

aerial perspective, also called atmospheric perspective, method of creating the illusion of depth, or recession, in a painting or drawing by modulating colour to simulate changes effected by the atmosphere on the colours of things seen at a distance.

How can you tell the difference between oil and acrylic paint? ›

When examining the color of the paint, look at two things: its clarity and the edges. Acrylic paint tends to be more vibrant in color due to its fast dry time, while oil may be more murky. If the edges of the shapes on your painting are crisp and sharp, it is likely an acrylic painting.


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